In addition to counseling clients on meeting their obligations under the Clean Air Act, Makram helps them obtain and defend permits, defends them in enforcement actions, and represents them in rulemaking proceedings and related Court of Appeals litigation. While he has been involved in matters that run the gamut of Clean Air Act programs, he has focused primarily on the New Source Review (NSR) program and Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs).
Makram has represented companies in numerous enforcement cases and settlements under the NSR enforcement initiative since its inception in 1999. Clients from a variety of industries from the power sector to manufacturing rely on his in-depth knowledge of the NSR program to obtain and defend permits for new and expanded facilities, to counsel them on compliance and, if necessary, defend enforcement actions for existing facilities.
Makram was lead counsel in appellate litigation in an interdisciplinary case involving the intersection of the Clean Air Act’s regional haze program and the Endangered Species Act. He successfully defended his utility sector client. He continues to work on behalf of clients on cross-cutting issues and to find durable solutions to the complex problems they face.
From 1996 to 1997, Makram served as a law clerk in the chambers of Hon. Stanley F. Birch, US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in Atlanta, Georgia. He is admitted to practice before the US Supreme Court, the US Courts of Appeals for the Third, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Tenth, Eleventh, and DC Circuits, the US District Court for the District of Columbia and the US District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. Prior to embarking on a career in law, Makram practiced as a licensed Professional Engineer.
Selected as a Super Lawyer for Environmental Law, Washington DC Super Lawyers magazine, 2013-2017. A description of the selection methodology can be found on Super Lawyers’ webpage.